Mr. Rogers' IB Physics Topics

Syllabus 1st Quarter 2nd Quarter 3rd Quarter 4th Quarter IB Objectives
Core Thermo HL Thermo Core Energy Core Waves HL Waves HL Digital Tech 
Opt SL/HL EM Waves Opt SL/HL Com Core Nuclear HL Nuclear Opt HL Relativity Opt HL Medical

The above IB topics are not all inclusive but are needed to meet the IB standards not addressed by the AP Physics C curriculum.

 

1st Law of Thermodynamics

IB Physics Standards: Items directly related to the standards are shown in blue

HL Thermal Physics - 1st Law of Thermodynamics

1st Law 2nd Law Processes Heat Engines HL Equations

Definition

Energy can change forms but can neither be conserved or destroyed. In a closed system, the amount of energy remains constant. In other words, in a closed system energy is conserved. For a thermodynamic system, the first law can be expressed mathematically as follows:

DQ = DU + W

  Where      
    +DQ  = thermal energy transferred into the system
    +DU

=

increase in internal energy of the system
    +DW

=

work done by the system

With respect to energy transfer in and out of thermodynamic systems: what goes in comes out or stays there. None of the examples in either IB SL or HL Physics has any energy storage, so what goes in must come out. For heat engines the first law can be expressed as shown below

  Energy in   Energy out
 

Qh

=

Qc +  W

 

Note that matter is just a super condensed form of energy as shown in Einstein's famous equation:

E = mc2
 
Where
E = energy content of a given amount of mass
m = mass converted into energy. (Here mass would be defined as rest mass.)
c = the speed of light in a vacuum

Hence, conservation of energy includes conservation of mass

Of all the principals in all of science, the 1st law of Thermo is the closest absolute truth. We know of no exceptions. Conservation of energy is entwined in essentially all areas of science and engineering. For example, in chemistry, balancing chemical equations assumes conservation of mass, a subset of the 1st Law of Thermo. Finding an exception to the 1st Law of Thermo would be a major event. If the 1st Law of Thermo were discredited, it would cast doubt on the validity of all science.

 

Energy Transfer

Heat: thermal energy transferred from high to low temperature regions. There are 3 forms of heat transfer:

  1. Conduction - the transfer of heat through a solid or stationary fluid.
  2. Convection - heat transfer using a moving fluid.
  3. Radiant - heat transferred as electromagnetic radiation. This type is the only kind which works in a vacuum.

Work: mechanical energy transferred by a force acting through a displacement.

Mr

Mr. Rogers' Twitter Site

Mr. Rogers Teacher's Blog

Southside High School Physics Club

Mr. Rogers T-shirts

Mr. Rogers Information for Teachers

Check out other web sites created by Mr. R:

 
Want to learn more about movie physics in Star Trek and find out :
  • what makes Star Trek unique
  • how Star Trek compares to Star Wars
  • why the star ship Enterprise needs to remain in space
  • what should and shouldn't be done in space battles
  • what it takes to blast off and travel the galaxy
  • the basics of orbiting
Insultingly Stupid Movie Physics is one of the most humorous, entertaining, and readable physics books available, yet is filled with all kinds of useful content and clear explanations for high school, 1st semester college physics students, and film buffs.

It explains all 3 of Newton's laws, the 1st and 2nd laws of thermodynamics, momentum, energy, gravity, circular motion and a host of other topics all through the lens of Hollywood movies using Star Trek and numerous other films.

If you want to learn how to think physics and have a lot of fun in the process, this is the book for you!

 

First the web site,

now the book!


Mr. Rogers Home | Common Sylabus | AP Comp Sci I | AP Comp Sci II | AP Physics Mech | AP Physics E&M | AP Statistics | IB Design Tech | Southside

[ Intuitor Home | Physics | Movie Physics | Chess | Forchess | Hex | Intuitor Store |

Copyright 1996-2010 T. K. Rogers, all rights reserved. Forchess is a registered trademark of T. K. Rogers.
No part of this website may be reproduced in any form, electronic or otherwise, without express written approval.